Emittance Preservation in an Aberration-Free Active Plasma Lens
Lindstrøm, CA, Adli, E, Boyle, G, Corsini, R, Dyson, AE, Farabolini, W, Hooker, SM, Meisel, M, Osterhoff, J, Röckemann, J-H, Schaper, L, Sjobak, KN
Physical Review Letters
Active plasma lensing is a compact technology for strong focusing of charged particle beams, which has gained considerable interest for use in novel accelerator schemes. While providing kT/m focusing gradients, active plasma lenses can have aberrations caused by a radially nonuniform plasma temperature profile, leading to degradation of the beam quality. We present the first direct measurement of this aberration, consistent with theory, and show that it can be fully suppressed by changing from a light gas species (helium) to a heavier gas species (argon). Based on this result, we demonstrate emittance preservation for an electron beam focused by an argon-filled active plasma lens.